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The Different Types of Loaders Used in Construction

Category: Equipment and Solutions

Loader construction equipment is utilized in a broad range of applications that call for moving earth and other materials.

Whether you’re landscaping, building roads, demolishing, recycling or you’re involved in a variety of other industries, there are many different types of loaders available to get the job done efficiently. While varying loader models are typically able to perform many of the same functions, understanding the differences is essential to optimizing the productivity, safety and longevity of your fleet.

If you’re focused on choosing the equipment best suited to your requirements, consider the different primary types of loaders used in construction available today:

    • Backhoe: Likely the first type of loader that comes to mind in construction is the versatile backhoe. A compact machine consisting of a loader shovel or bucket on the front and backhoe boom with an attachment on the back, these highly productive machines are capable of digging, trenching, back-filling and material handling in an extensive range of applications.


    • Multi-terrain: The small but mighty multi-terrain loader has become one of the most popular pieces of equipment on the construction site. This type of loader is designed to deliver extremely low ground pressure and features a rubber track system capable of traveling over challenging terrains and underfoot conditions. Benefits include exceptional flotation, traction and stability for the flexibility to work in all different types of material handling task and environments.


    • Skid steer: Available as a crawler or four-wheel-drive machine, skid steer loaders feature a unique lift-arm design and sturdy, rigid frame to deliver exceptional power in a small package. Skid steers are used in agriculture, construction, landscaping, road work and many other industries that benefit from its efficiency and versatility switching between work tools and attachments.


    • Track-type: Among the most powerful and durable types of loaders in construction, tracked models are utilized in the toughest jobs and most rugged ground conditions. The stability of the tracked chassis is ideal for working on uneven terrains, while the power generated from the hydraulic system provides high-output digging and earthmoving on hard ground. You’ll find a broad range of sizes and configurations of track loaders, including ship-hold, port handling and waste handler models.


  • Wheeled: Available in compact, small, medium and large sizes, wheel loaders improve the speed and efficiency of material handling on paved roads and hard and aggressive surfaces. Used in industries such as sand and gravel, quarry and mining, industrial waste, forestry and many others, this loader type is designed to carry hefty loads. When outfitted with the appropriate attachments, wheel loaders are also used for job site preparation work, digging and moving and placing materials.

Selecting the Right Loader Construction Equipment

Understanding the subtle differences of modern construction machines can be challenging even for experienced owners and operators. For more information on the different types of loaders used in construction, contact NMC Cat. We carry a massive selection of new and used backhoe, multi-terrain, skid steer, tracked and wheeled loader model as well as short- and long-term rental solutions.